Studia et Documenta, vol. 4 – 2010
Publication: May 2010
- INIZIATIVE PROMOSSE DAL FONDATORE DELL’OPUS DEI IN AMBITO EDUCATIVO
Presentazione, Maria Carla Giammarco (p. 9-13) | Foreword.
Los comienzos de la labor del Opus Dei con universitarias: la Residencia Zurbarán de Madrid (1947-1950), Mercedes Montero (p. 15-44) | The Beginnings of Opus Dei among University Women: Zurbarán Hall of Residence (Madrid, 1947-1950).
Zurbarán Hall of Residence (Madrid, 1947-1950): Historical study of the first three years of the Zurbarán Hall of Residence, run by women of Opus Dei in Madrid. It highlights the differences between this initiative and the female residential tradition in pre Civil War Spain. It also explains the differences between the spirit which moved Zurbarán and that which prevailed in the university halls of residence restored in Spain from 1942-43 onwards. The diffusion of the message of Opus Dei among women (university students or not), in and from the Zurbarán residence, is also described.
Fuentes para la historia de la Academia y de la Residencia DYA, Constantino Ánchel (p. 45-101) | Sources on the History of the DYA Academy and Residence.
DYA (initials for Derecho y Arquitectura—Law and Architecture) was the name given by St. Josemaría to the first apostolic undertaking of members of Opus Dei having an institutional character. Eventually he would refer to DYA as the first corporate undertaking of the Work. It opened in December 1933 as a review center (Academia) located in Luchana Street, Madrid. In October 1934, when the DYA Academy moved to Ferraz Street, residential facilities for university students were added. As Opus Dei was growing, the expansion to other cities (Valencia, Paris) was in the planning stage in DYA when the Spanish Civil War broke out. This article describes the sources, mainly from the Archives of the Prelature of Opus Dei, for the elaboration of a more extensive and better documented account of those early years of the Work.
San Josemaría y la promoción del Colegio Gaztelueta, Ramón Pomar (p. 103-146) | St. Josemaría and the launching of Gaztelueta School.
Gaztelueta School, the first secondary education apostolic work of Opus Dei, came into being in 1951 in a little town located near Bilbao. Gaztelueta’s pedagogical system has influenced the configuration of other schools created later on. It was born as a result of an initiative of Saint Josemaría Escrivá and supported by families from Guecho wanting to promote the creation of a school for their children. The article describes the beginnings of Opus Dei’s apostolic work in Bilbao, introduces the major figures of this initiative and dwells on the school’s beginning and early development, all connected to the figure of Saint Josemaría.
Like a Bridge over Troubled Water in Sydney: Warrane College and the Student Protests of the 1970s, José Manuel Cerda (p. 147-181).
This article refers to events occurred in Sydney, from 1966 to 1974, to provide some general background to the foundation of Warrane College, a university hall of residence entrusted to the spiritual care of Opus Dei and affiliated with the University of New South Wales. Primarily based on journalistic accounts, this study is divided into three main sections: first, it provides a narrative of the foundation of the college, then an analysis of the particular aims and ethos of the residence, and finally, it describes the growing opposition to the project and the subsequent protests of 1971 and 1974.
- STUDI E NOTE / STUDIES
La relación personal entre san Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer y mons. Juan Hervás a través de sus cartas, Francisca Colomer (p. 185-213) | The friendship between St. Josemaría Escrivá and Msgr. Juan Hervás as seen through their correspondence.
A brief study of the relationship between Josemaría Escrivá, founder of Opus Dei, and Juan Hervás Benet, Bishop of Ciudad Real and promoter of the Cursillos de Cristiandad (Short Courses of Christianity) is presented in this article. The biographical sketches of both men provide a framework for the examination of the letters from the points of view of quantity, time frame and content matter. The letters are kept in the General Archives of the Opus Dei Prelature in Rome and the examination has a dual purpose, firstly to construct a basic chronology of the relationship between Escrivá and Hervás, and secondly to outline some ideas about their friendship which may serve as a starting point for future studies.
San Josemaría e il beato Ildefonso Schuster (1948-1954), Aldo Capucci (p. 215-254) | St. Josemaría Escrivá and Blessed Ildefonso Schuster (1948-1954).
St. Josemaría Escrivá and Blessed Ildefonso Cardinal Schuster –Archbishop of Milan– first met in the Lombard capital on January 4, 1948. This meeting, along with subsequent events, shows not only the perfect harmony which existed between the founder of Opus Dei and the bishops of the various cities in which Opus Dei planned to commence its apostolic activities, but also, in this case, the meeting shows the profound and reciprocal esteem between St. Josemaría and the holy Pastor of the diocese which was at that time the largest in the world. The certainty of this meeting –called into question by a witness at the cause of canonization of the founder of Opus Dei and, above all, due to the natural reserve of the protagonists– is demonstrated and certified by means of unpublished documents. These documents have also allowed for the reconstruction –in the light of the historical circumstances of the time– of the possible content of this meeting.
The Early Days of Opus Dei in Cambridge (U.S.) As Recalled by the First Generation (1956-1961), John Arthur Gueguen, Jr. (p. 255-294).
This documentary account is a sequel to “The Early Days of Opus Dei in Boston… (1946-1956)”, which appeared in Vol. 1 (2007), 65-112. It tells of a series of apartments across the Charles River in Cambridge that preceded the opening of Elmbrook, and the apostolate conducted mainly with students and professors at Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (M.I.T.). Recollections of persons who took part in this history (1956-1961) are supplemented by material in the General Archive of the Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei.
La Prelatura de Yauyos y su proyección en el desarrollo del clero en Perú, Esteban Puig (p. 295-338) | History of the Beginnings of the Prelature of Yauyos (Peru) 1957 – 1968. Background and documented memories.
Historical study about the beginnings of the Territorial Prelature of Yauyos, entrusted to Opus Dei by the Holy See, and which included the civil provinces of Yauyos and Huarochirí, in a territory of the Andes in Peru. On October 2, 1957, Msgr. Ignacio María de Orbegozo y Goicoechea, elected Prelate of Yauyos, took possession of the Prelature. Five other priests from different Spanish dioceses, who had been given permission by their Ordinaries for this new pastoral task, went with him. They were linked by the fact that they all belonged to the Priestly Society of the Holy Cross, intrinsically united to Opus Dei. With the arrival of new priests, the pastoral work could be extended throughout the Prelature. In 1962 the civil province of Cañete was included in the Prelature. The Minor Seminary was founded; churches, parochial houses, community halls and chapels were restored, and care centers were established for human and social improvement. It was eleven years of profound, intensive and extensive work.
Apuntes para una reseña biográfica de Narcisa González Guzmán, una de las primeras mujeres del Opus Dei, Francisca R. Quiroga (p. 339-371) | Notes for a biographical analysis of Narcisa González Guzmán, one of the first women in Opus Dei.
Narcisa (Nisa) González Guzmán (1907-1998), was one of the first women in Opus Dei. The article focuses on the 1907-1942 period of her life and provides information on her family, the education she received and her activities as well as her meeting with the founder of Opus Dei and her becoming a member of this institution. The epilogue includes a schematic presentation of the other stages of her life which allows for the evaluation of her role in the later development of Opus Dei.
- DOCUMENTI / DOCUMENTS
Cartas de Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer a Dolores Fisac (21 de mayo de 1937 – 16 de noviembre de 1937), Yolanda Cagigas (p. 375-409) | Letters from St. Josemaría Escrivá to Dolores Fisac (May 21st – November 19th 1937).
A transcription of the 16 letters St. Josemaría wrote to Dolores Fisac over the six months from May 21st, when he was sheltering in the Honduran Legation, until November 19th 1937, the day he began the trek that would take him from Barcelona over the Pyrenees to France. Through this correspondence, in special circumstances, Dolores Fisac requested admission to Opus Dei. She was the first woman (after María Ignacia García Escobar) in whom the vocation to Opus Dei took root. To render the letters more readily understandable, the transcription is preceded by an article outlining the historical context and supplementing them with information from the letters written by Dolores Fisac and Isidoro Zorzano, as well as Zorzano’s diary.
Epistolario de san Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer y mons. Javier Lauzurica (enero 1934 – diciembre 1940), Francisco Crosas (pp. 411-435) | Correspondence between St. Josemaría Escrivá and Msgr. Javier Lauzurica (January 1934 – December 1940).
The letters between St. Josemaría Escrivá and Msgr. Javier Lauzurica are published in this study. The article presents the historical and human factors behind the correspondence maintained in a troubled period of the history of Spain.
- NOTIZIARIO / ACADEMIC EVENTS
La memoria di san Josemaría Escrivá nello spazio urbano in Italia, Aldo Capucci (pp. 439-451).
- SEZIONE BIBLIOGRAFICA / BIBLIOGRAPHY
Recensioni | Book Reviews (pp. 455-469).
Schede bibliografiche | Book Notes (pp. 471-498).
Elenchi bibliografici | Bibliographical Index: Bibliografia general sobre el Opus Dei (I), José Mario Fernández Montes, José Luis González Gullón, Santiago Martínez Sánchez (pp. 499-538).