Studia et Documenta, vol. 6 - 2012
Publication: March 2012
CULTURA E SANTITÀ: UN INCONTRO FRUTTIFERO. QUATTRO INTELLETTUALI
DEL ’900 E IL LORO RAPPORTO CON SAN JOSEMARÍA
Presentación, María Eugenia Ossandón (pp. 9-12) | Foreword.
San Josemaría y José María Albareda (1935-1939),
Pablo Pérez López (pp. 13-66). | St. Josemaría and José María Albareda (1935-1939).
The article begins with
a brief biographical profile of José María Albareda. It describes his studies
and professional activity and gives an account of the circumstances surrounding his first meeting with St. Josemaría and his becoming a member of Opus
Dei. Then the time they spent together from the moment of their escape from
Madrid in 1937 is dealt with as well as the echo of the teachings of Josemaría
Escrivá, which may be discovered in the tasks that occupied Albareda until
1939, when the “Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas” was set up,
Albareda was General Secretary of this Institution.
Los primeros contactos de Rafael Calvo Serer con san Josemaría
(1936-1940),Onésimo Díaz Hernández (pp. 67-70). | The early meetings of Rafael Calvo Serer with St. Josemaría (1936-1940).
Biographical sketch of one of the first members of Opus Dei. He was a history
student and president of the catholic students at the University of Valencia; he
met the founder in March 1936. In April of that same year, Escrivá travelled
to Valencia and, after a long conversation, Rafael Calvo Serer joined Opus
Dei. At the end of the Civil War, he took active part in the organization of two
spiritual retreats at the Juan de Ribera University Residence in Burjasot. He
was also deeply involved in the early stages of Opus Dei in Valencia.
Un amigo de san Josemaría: José López Ortiz, OSA, obispo e
historiador, José Carlos Martín de la Hoz (pp. 91-121). | A friend of S. Josemaría: José López Ortiz, OSA, bishop and historian.
Josemaría Escrivá (1902-1975) and José López Ortiz, OSA (1898-1992) first met in
the lecture halls of the University of Saragossa in 1924. From then until 1975,
the year in which the former died, they maintained a deep friendship. The highlights of this friendship are detailed on the following pages as well as the knowledge that López Ortiz gained about the spirit of Opus Dei and its founder. This
information is based on the relevant documents and the correspondence that is
preserved between them.
La découverte de saint Josémaria Escriva par le canoniste Willy
Onclin, Jean-Pierre Schouppe (pp. 123-162). | The discovery of the person of St. Josemaría Escrivá by the Canon Lawyer
Msgr. Willy Onclin, Canon Lawyer at Louvain, first met St.
Josemaría in Rome during the course of the Second Vatican Council and the
reform of the Code of Canon Law. The discovery of the personality of the saint
and the spirit of Opus Dei marked a high point in his life. Thanks to the correspondence and some witnesses, the relationship can be traced. Onclin helped
with the commencement of the apostolic work of Opus Dei in Belgium. He
received an honorary doctorate from the University of Navarre and he delivered some conferences at the CRIS (Roman Center for Priestly Encounters).
He reacted supernaturally to the news of St. Josemaría’s death and maintained a friendly relationship with Álvaro del Portillo.
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STUDI E NOTE | STUDIES
San Josemaría ante el Vaticano. Encuentros y trabajos durante el
primer viaje a Roma: del 23 de junio al 31 de agosto de 1946, Luis Cano (pp. 165-209). | St. Josemaría at the Vatican. Relations and activity during the first visit
to Rome: from the 23rd of June until 31st of August, 1946.
centers on the people that St. Josemaría dealt with during his first trip to Rome
in 1946 and the progress of the efforts to obtain Pontifical approval of Opus
Dei and to make it known in Roman circles. It was his first direct contact
with the Roman Curia and the Eternal City. His first audience with Pius XII
is particularly important as well as the relationship established at that time
with Msgr Montini.
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Mujer y Universidad en España (1910-1936). Contexto histórico
del punto 946 de Camino, Mercedes Montero (pp. 211-234) | Woman and the University in Spain (1910-1936). Historical context of
point 946 of The Way.
The aim of this article is twofold: first, to describe the
situation of women’s university education in Spain in the first part of the 20 th
Century; and second, to investigate the origin of the phrase «women needn’t
be scholars: it’s enough for them to be prudent», which was not invented by
St. Josemaría. Both topics are relevant in situating point 946 of The Way in
its historical context.
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La formación de un gran relato sobre el Opus Dei, Jaume Aurell (pp. 235-294). | The making of a great story about Opus Dei in Spain (1939-1975).
aim of this article is to investigate, analyze and interpret the image of Opus
Dei, specially centered on the period of Franco’s rule in Spain (1939-1975).
The principal objective of the research is to look into the causes of the contrast
between the reality of Opus Dei and the image projected by it. A secondary
objective is to explore the processes which govern these types of distortions,
that are so prevalent in modern societies and indeed postmodern societies.
The article starts out by studying this image of Opus Dei and then proceeds
to analyze how the great stories of contemporary societies function and are
disseminated, as well as the projection of the cultural and social realities that
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DOCUMENTI | DOCUMENTS
Dos amigos que se escriben: Josemaría Escrivá y José María Bueno
Monreal, 1939-1975, Santiago Martínez Sánchez (pp. 297-394). | Two friends who write to each other: Josemaría Escrivá and José María
Bueno Monreal, 1939-1975.
A long friendship united St. Josemaría Escrivá
and Cardinal Joseph M. Bueno for nearly fifty years, between 1928 and 1975.
The letters we reproduced here cover much of that time. These letters highlight
the identical desires they had to serve the Catholic Church and their common
joy at the growing expansion of Opus Dei in Spain and abroad. The letters also
reveal a link between their friendship and their mutual cooperation, helpful
both for Opus Dei and for the Dioceses Bishop Bueno ruled, specially Seville.
Los inicios de la obra de San Rafael. Un documento de 1935, Fernando Crovetto (pp. 395-412). | The beginnings of the work of St. Raphael. A document from 1935.
document prepared by Juan Jiménez Vargas towards the end of the academic
year 1934-35 is presented. This document outlines the commencement and the
launch of the work of St. Raphael. It is written in a casual style and provides
significant information about the formation and the development of the structure of these apostolic activities aimed at young university students. These
activities were promoted by Josemaría Escrivá five years after having founded
NOTIZIARIO | ACADEMIC EVENTS
Presentación de la edición crítico-histórica de Santo Rosario en la
iglesia de Santa Isabel (Madrid),(pp. 415-432).
SEZIONE BIBLIOGRAFICA | BIBLIOGRAPHY
Recensioni | Book Reviews (pp. 435-447).
Schede bibliografiche | Book Notes (pp. 449-468)
Elenchi bibliografici | Bibliographical Index: Bibliografía general sobre los prelados del Opus Dei: Álvaro del Portillo, José Mario Fernández Montes, Santiago Martínez Sánchez, José Luis GonzáLez Gullón (pp. 469-515).